Bozhou, a famous historical and cultural city as well as one of the first excellent tourism cities and the Herbal Town of China, is with rich cultural tourism resources.
More than 3,700 years ago, the ancient Emperor Tang of Shang dynasty set his capital at nowadays Bozhou; at AD 221, Cao Pi, the 2nd emperor of Wei dynasty nominated Qiao (nowadays Bozhou) as the accompanying capital and ranked it together with Xuchang, Chang’an, Luoyang and Yecheng as the “Five Capitals”’ Liu Futong at the end Yuan dynasty supported Han Lin’er to be the emperor and established the Longfeng regime where Bozhou was selected as the capital. Therefore, Bozhou is also mentioned as “the ancient capital for three dynasties”. In 1986, Bozhou obtained its nowadays name as a county-level city and was listed as a famous Chinese cultural and historical city by the State Council at December of that year. In 1998, Bozhou was awarded China Excellent Tourism City and was improved to be a prefecture-level city upon the approval of the State Council in May 2005. Long history brings special historical and cultural frames to Bozhou, including prehistoric culture, ancient capital culture, Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu cultures, religious culture, Wei dynasty culture, traditional Chinese herbal culture, ancient trade culture, liquor culture and folk culture, etc.
Bozhou, a place propitious for giving birth to great men, has cultivated more than one hundred outstanding historical celebrities such as Lao Tzu, Chuang Tzu, Zhang Liang, Cao Cao, Hua Tuo, Hua Mulan and Chen Tuan and numerous cultural and historical sites are left here. Bozhou today posts more than 240 historical sites under state-level, provincial-level and municipal-level protection, among which, 23 are under provincial-level protection and 5 under state-level protection. Here are the Huaxilou, a key cultural relic under state-level protection; the Tianjing Taoism Temple---the No. 1 Taoism temple of China, the splendid Buddhist Pagoda and 36 ancient streets as well as 72 ancient lanes with vivid ancient look. Historical and cultural landscapes here corresponds to the natural landscapes at the Mount Huang and the two cities have long time been mentioned as “Mount Huang leads the south and Bozhou dominates the north”.
Numerous historical relics and special cultural compositions provide wide space and favorable conditions for the tourism development in Bozhou. In 2008, Bozhou was listed among the top 200 beautiful Chinese cities. In the tourism development plan of the 11th “Five-Year” plan of Anhui province, the New North Anhui Tourism District focused on Bozhou, the Grand South Anhui International Tourism District centered on the Mountain Huang and the Pan-Caohu National Tourism District cored on Hefei are listed together as the top “Three Segments” of Anhui Tourism at the 11th “Five-Year” period. Bozhou Party Committee and local government have labeled cultural tourism as one of the five pillar industries and have issued the image position of Bozhou as “the Origin of Taoism, the Homeland of Wei Dynasty, the Herbal Town of China, the Health Living Bozhou” and then new tourism development pattern where cultural tourism, health care tourism and ecological tourism contributes to each other will gradually form here.